HOW TO SPEAK ENGLISH FLUENTLY

HOW TO SPEAK ENGLISH FLUENTLY
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In order to imprint words on your memory and also to feel comfortable about pronouncing them at a moment’s notice, it is necessary to practise vocabulary a number of times.

1. Decide which constructions and vocabulary are ideal for you to learn. (Be discerning, because you cannot learn everything.) Choose about ten new words per day to practise.
2. Practise them until you are word-perfect. Then use them in real situations by incorporating them into conversations with as many people as possible (at least six times each word or construction, but more if possible). The more you manage to use them in conversation, the more readily you will be able to say them fluently in the future.
REMEMBER: Fluency in English is accuracy with good pronunciation – not speed.
HOW TO SPEAK ENGLISH MORE ACCURATELY
From a learner’s point of view, the problem with English is that it is too rich in constructions and vocabulary, ie: There are numerous words and constructions which have similar meanings. Mistakes occur when students remember half of one construction and half of another; they end up with a hotch-potch which is at best “incorrect but understandable” and at worst “nonsense”.
1.Choosing English for Use or Recognition Purposes only
English people do not use every phrase and word in the English language. They have favourite phrases which they use time and time again. I recommend that when you are taught more than one way of saying the same thing, choose only one version to learn accurately for future use. Then store the other one(s) vaguely in your mind for future recognition purposes only.
2. Pitfalls to Avoid
Native English speakers modify their language according to their situation, just as you would do in your own language. Unless you have constant exposure to English over many years, you cannot expect to do this. The trick therefore is to choose the best English for universal speaking purposes and to recognise other versions of English, so you are not at a disadvantage. By doing so, you will avoid misunderstandings and you will be able to judge the quality of another person’s English.
Although a knowledge of the following is essential for understanding English (and possibly for some exams), I recommend you avoid them as much as possible when speaking in normal situations:-
Idioms, Phrasal Verbs, Slang (which can sound insolent when used at the wrong time)
3.Avoiding grammatical errors when speaking
Many students experience difficulties with the use of the present perfect, because the use of it does not correspond with a similar-looking tense in their own language. If it helps you, it is possible to avoid the present perfect altogether by using:-
SIMPLE PAST + SPECIFIC TIME
eg: I have been to Tunisia. (Time unknown)
I went to Tunisia some time ago. (Exact time unknown)
I have just finished my homework. (Recent, but time unknown)
I finished my homework a short while ago (Recent, but exact time unknown)
English is such a rich and versatile language, it is possible to say what you want to say in more than one way.
IMPORTANT REGIONAL DIFFERENCES
In spoken American English, the use of the Simple Past and Present Perfect are often used contrary to the rules of grammar, particularly where the words ‘yet’ and ‘yesterday’ are concerned.
In South West England, the following regional errors can be heard: I be, he be, we be, they be, etc.
In Yorkshire, the definite article is often omitted in speech.
PRONUNCIATION
GENERAL
Non-native speakers of English experience different pronunciation problems according to their native language. This is due to:
1. Different pronunciation of some letters
2. No equivalent sound in their own language
If students cannot hear whether they are pronouncing a sound correctly, then the only alternative is to “feel” and “see” whether they are pronouncing it properly.
English is a language which depends upon:-
AIRFLOW, LIP SHAPE, TONGUE POSITION, TEETH POSITION, JAW MOVEMENT
COMMON DIFFICULT SOUNDS
TH: (long, soft, as in TEETH) Put the tip of your tongue between your teeth and blow gently. It is a long sound and should last about 5 seconds.
To test whether you are making this sound properly, place your hand approximately 12 cm from your mouth. If you can feel a good flow of cool air halfway down your arm and your teeth and lips are in the right position, your pronunciation of this sound will be OK. Do not forget to check the length of time you are allowing for the sound. You must produce this amount of air whenever you say a word with a soft TH in it.
TH: (short, hard, as in THE) Put the tip of your tongue between your teeth and make a voice sound from your throat. It is a short sound with a sudden burst of air.
To test whether you are making this sound properly, place your hand approximately 6 cm from your mouth. If you can feel a sudden burst of air on your hand, you are making the sound from your throat and your teeth and lips are in the right position, your pronunciation of this sound will be OK. You must produce this sound whenever you say a word with a hard TH in it.
V: Put your top front teeth onto your bottom lip and make a voice sound in your throat. Your lips should be more or less closed.
If you are making this sound correctly, you will feel an uncomfortable vibration. You must feel this vibration every time you say a word with V in it, otherwise you are not pronouncing it properly. The listener must hear the vibration to be sure of what you are saying.
ST: Make a long, soft ‘S’ sound like a snake, then suddenly add an abrupt ‘T+schwa’ sound by pushing your tongue against the back of your top front teeth, then suddenly taking it away. (Practise the ‘s’ sound first, then the ‘schwa’ sound alone before adding the abrupt ‘T’ sound.)
PH: Pronounce PH as F (not P)
F: Put your top front teeth onto your bottom lip and blow gently. Your lips should be more or less closed.
To test whether you are making this sound properly, place your hand approximately 12 cm from your mouth. If you can feel a good flow of cool air onto your hand and your teeth and lips are in the right position, your pronunciation of this sound will be OK. You must produce this amount of air whenever you say a word with F in it.
H: To make this sound, you need a lot of air and your mouth should be open. Stand or sit up straight and take a deep breath, open your mouth, then let out the air quickly as if you are disappointed about something. Allow your body to slump at the same time.
To test whether you are making this sound properly, place your hand approximately 12 cm from your mouth. If you can feel a good flow of hot air onto your hand and your mouth and body are in the right positions, your pronunciation of this sound will be OK. You must produce this amount of air whenever you say a word with H in it.
L: When making the L sound, you tongue must temporarily go up to the roof of your mouth and come down again. It must not touch your teeth unless the next sound is TH.
To check your tongue is in the right position, use a mirror. Practise saying La, La, La, so you can see what your tongue is doing.
R: When making the R sound, your tongue does very little; it just stays at the bottom of your mouth. However, your lower jaw quickly moves forward, down and back as you say the sound.
Use a mirror to check that your tongue is not moving up to the roof of your mouth and that your jaw is moving properly. If you do not have this sound in your language, you will need to practise moving your jaw. At first, it will be painful, because you will be flexing unused muscles just as you would if you attempting a new sport. If you persevere the discomfort will eventually subside.
W: When making the W sound, you must pucker your lips as if you are going to kiss your favourite filmstar. Use a mirror to achieve the correct lip shape. To make the sound, you must push a sound out through the lip ‘funnel’ as if you have hurt yourself a little BEFORE saying the word, then at the end of this strained sound you open your lips a little and make a different sound as if you are saying the number ONE (but stop before you stay the N sound). Only after all this can you say the rest of the word.
Therefore, for the word WAR, follow these instructions:-
decide which film star or singer you would enjoy kissing.
think of this filmstar or singer and pucker lips into a kissing shape (check in the mirror)
make a strained sound through puckered lips for 1-2 seconds
open your lips and begin to say the number ONE (without the N)
then complete the word by adding an OR sound. Make it a long sound (3-4 seconds). Better to make the word too long than not long enough.
by following these instructions, you should have completed the word WAR
Read the above instructions for L and R, then practice saying:- WAR, LAW, RAW
CONSONANTS
In order to speak English well you must make all your consonants (except silent ones) sound loud and clear. Many English parents reprimand their children with “Sound the ends of your words!”, because many children swallow the last consonant sound in their words, particularly if the last consonant is a ‘T’ (as in the word ‘BUT’). When English children do this, it is poor quality pronunciation, but when non-native speakers do this, it is often impossible to understand what they are saying.
LONG SOUNDS v SHORT SOUNDS
The long sounds in English are extremely important. Throughout England, Australia, Canada, America, there are fluent native speakers of English. The accents vary enormously, yet we are all capable of understanding each other. This is because the consonant sounds change very little and there is a uniformity of long and short sounds.
When studying English you may feel it is very strange to say long sounds, because they do not exist in your own language; however, unless you do use long sounds, your English will be difficult to understand. In fact, it is better to make your long sound too long, rather than not long enough
Some Difficult Words:
Discern: Having or showing good judgment.
hotch-potch : a confused mixture
Vaguely : Not clear in meaning or application
Pitfalls : A hidden or unsuspected danger or difficulty
Idioms: An idiom is a word or phrase which means something different from what it says. Example:
“Out of the blue” means something happens that was unexpected.
“Jump the gun” – would mean to be doing something early
“Rub someone the wrong way” – meaning to annoy or bother
Insolent: disrespectful or rude behavior
Versatile: having many uses or ability

 Original Source

 

91 thoughts on “HOW TO SPEAK ENGLISH FLUENTLY

  1. Muhammad Izzuddin Bin Abdul Samad says:

    Nice, It is a good reference for student..

  2. muhd haziq says:

    it is good for students’ references….great!!!

  3. Mohammad Shahidan says:

    now,I like English

  4. Hafiz aiman says:

    english is fun and easy if we try

  5. nusair 9 says:

    what a really easy english.let’s do it

  6. M.Izzuddin says:

    Nice,It is a good reference for Student..

  7. Muhammad Fakhri says:

    English is very easy to understand.

  8. suraya yasmin ismail says:

    this article can teach us how to learn english easily.

  9. Muhd Amirrul says:

    This will be a good references for someone who want to speak English.

  10. sarahliyana says:

    Interesting and good article for people to improve their speaking.

  11. Muhammad Syamil says:

    Good,this can improve my english

  12. Ustaz Dr Nik says:

    Well done guys…but that is not enough…you should click ‘like’ to complete the mission. Thank you..:o)

    • nusair 9 says:

      but we can not click “like”.we can only click “like ” after school holiday because there is some troubleshoot

  13. iqbal hazeeq says:

    i hope my english better

  14. hakimiboboiboymaahad says:

    english is awesome

  15. E-one(ikhwan) says:

    I loooooove BI…I liiiiike BI…🙂

  16. aMiR 20 says:

    interesting learning and easy to follow ….

  17. aliff furqan :) says:

    English is fun : yeayy!

  18. Tasha Haris says:

    it’s really great! thanks for this article🙂

  19. Afifah Hanis says:

    this article can improve my english communication ..🙂 thanks ..

  20. Tasha Haris says:

    it’s really great! thanks for this article Dr Nik😀

  21. Afifah Hanis says:

    this article can improve my english communication .. InshaAllah ..

  22. Hidayatul Najwa says:

    this article is amazing…..thanks

  23. OMG!!!! GREAT BOH!!! KEEP IT UP..GOOD GUIDANVE 4 US..

  24. amirah razanah says:

    this is good

  25. alya farhani says:

    wooo…this is the best article..

  26. Ira muthirah says:

    i love English so much…….
    so fun!!

  27. sofea faisal says:

    It’s good for student like me.I like it.

  28. Rusyda Ismaizam says:

    If I follow this information,I think I can improve my English.Thanks Dr Nik!

  29. Ira muthirah says:

    I love English so much..
    So fun!!!

  30. Siti Sholihah says:

    should i say ,,,,,it’s AMAZING !!!! =)

  31. nursyafiqah(jung ki says:

    super duper wow………………..

  32. raihana(ana halia) says:

    totally superb!!

  33. AfiqahMubin says:

    very interesting..i like ..:)

  34. arissa7 (satay) says:

    alhamdulillah……

  35. Siti Sholihah says:

    should i say,,,it’s amazing !!!!

  36. syaima' barakah says:

    great speech..n i hope to be a gud student in english..inn shaa ALLAH..🙂

  37. aimi fakhirah says:

    well done .. nice !!

  38. syaima' barakah says:

    great speech..i hope to be a good student in english..in shaa ALLAH..;)

  39. azizzuhdi says:

    This article very good for those to improve their english…..
    English very awesome

  40. Fariq Asyraaf says:

    Excellent…………:)

  41. Syaza Izzati says:

    I love english so much🙂 i hope this article can improve my english🙂

  42. so interesting !! i hope this article can improve my english and make me speak in english easily…🙂 thanks Dr nik !!

  43. thanks for show us this article!! I HOPE WITH THIS ARTICLE ,I CAN SPEAK ENGLISH BETTER THAN BEFORE ^_^

  44. masnurizzah says:

    wow!!!the article was amazing.I hope there will be improvement in my english.

  45. masnurizzah says:

    thanks dr nik for show us this article! I hope after this my english will be better than before!!😉

  46. thanks dr nik for show us this article!~! I hope after this my english will be better than before ( technical problem )😉

  47. masnurizzah says:

    wow!!the article was amazing.I hope there will be improvement.

  48. amirah anderil says:

    this article is very amazing.

  49. eyda azmi says:

    well done

  50. Muhammad Syarul Nizwa says:

    i think the articles are good for the people that want to learn and speak english well

  51. a great article to improve my eng! hope dr. nik can show us how to pronounce properly in BIK class!😄

  52. It takes time for me to read and understand this article..but still it is worth than just commenting without understanding the article..Hence,I’m will always trying to speak English fluently.Thanks for the useful writing~

  53. a great article to improve my eng.. can u show us how to do, like what have u wrote in BIK class?😄

  54. aiman nasa says:

    it is amazing article

  55. irfan zaim says:

    English is sooo simple,sooo easy…..

  56. Dini Amanina says:

    English is fun.. This article can be a good reference for all students and improve their english at the same time =)

  57. Muhd Syarul Nizwa says:

    i think the articles good for the people who want to learn and speak english very well!!!!!

  58. solehuddin says:

    i hope i can improve my english after this

  59. Taufiq says:

    Amazing tips….I like

  60. nursyarahanis samsudin says:

    so good article…..

  61. Shazly Shamsudin says:

    Bismillah…

    It is a very good article to improve our speaking skill, especially for one who is taking English communication class and searching for some tips.. It also can be a good guidance for other teacher to increase their students’ communication and speaking skill.. There will no more reason that student can’t improve their speaking skill based on this article.. Hope to see more tips and article from you about English.. Thank you..

  62. Arriff farhan says:

    it is good for us..great job

  63. farris ad-danial alhafiz says:

    ooooo….now english is my best friend and not malay anymore…..huhu

  64. PA'AN says:

    hehe…english is english ,malay is malay…..english is better than malay…….

  65. ilyas says:

    this article is good for me as a student…………………..brilliant!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  66. ilyas says:

    the article is very important to all people especially students.. This can improve our english a lot..

  67. Aiman Faruqi Zulkepli says:

    the article is very important to all people especially students.. This can improve our english a lot..

  68. waafer says:

    i think english is the best language…..when I read this article, my spirit to learn english is increasing

  69. fikri syahmi99 says:

    english is easy

  70. this is a good article and guidance 4 us, especially students.. =D

  71. HabibNajmi says:

    wow !! it is so amazing !! im so interested !! now i get many knowledge from this article !!

  72. Amir Sabirin says:

    awes0me..it is useful and interesting inf0rmations..

  73. nur anissa says:

    after i read this , i hope i have an improvement in my english ^_^

  74. alif farhan says:

    good article.i can improve my english

  75. Luqman AR says:

    i❤ english…maybe , i want to write an essay now….

  76. iqbal wajdy says:

    I can get more information and improve my knowledge from this article

  77. izzah hadi says:

    bravo!!this article was amazing!! so…i can speak english better for monday next week!!hehe

  78. 不错不错,جيد جدا

  79. i think my english is very bad but after i read this article, i can improve my knowledge. : > “!!!!!!!! english no.1

  80. fikridahari says:

    i will speak english fluently after read this ..

  81. I hope my English will be beteer than before after this ..🙂

  82. Muhammad Nur Ramadan bin Zaini says:

    nice article.

  83. rooney[durrani] says:

    i can speak english fluently.english is fun

  84. rooney[durrani] says:

    i loooove english

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